A 5 day diglyme reflux of Rh(acac)3 and K(C5HPh4), followed by treatment with aqueous HPF6, produces orange-yellow [(C5HPh4)2Rh]PF66 in 40 - 50% yield. Reduction of [(C5HPh4)2Rh]PF6 with sodium amalgam in THF yields olive green (C5HPh4)2Rh in 70% yield. (C5HPh4)2Rh crystallizes in the triclinic [Error : unloaded OLE object or mail attachment]space group with unit-cell parameters of a = 8.622 (3) Å, b = 10.778 (4) Å, c = 12.894 (5) Å, a = 65.58 (3)°, b = 72.66 (3)°, g = 83.52 (3)°, and Z = 1. The least squares data refined to RF = 7.63% and RwF = 10.12% for the 2479 independent observed reflections with Fo > 5s(Fo ). The metal-centroid distance is 1.904 Å and all other bond lengths and angles are similar to known octaphenylmetallocenes. ESR spectra of (C5HPh4)2Rh in low-temperature glasses display a rhombic g-tensor with resolution of Rh hyperfine splitting on one-g-component. Analysis of the spectral parameters is consistent with a d7 configuration derived from a nearly degenerate dxz, dyz ground state. Voltammetry and coulometry establish the electron-transfer series (C5HPh4)2Rh1+/0/1- with E° values of -1.44 V and -2.13 V vs ferrocene. The heterogeneous charge transfer rate of the second reduction is about three orders of magnitude lower than that of the first.