Participation in research and scholarly activity is critical to successful medical student and resident matriculation and to faculty development. Both Marshall University and West Virginia University sponsor yearly peer-reviewed School of Medicine Research Days’ to support these missions. This article evaluates the successful publication of Research Day presentations for West Virginia’s Allopathic Medical Schools. Both Marshall University (MU) and West Virginia University’s (WVU) School of Medicine use a competitive review process for abstract selection ensuring high quality research is presented. Over a 10-year period, MU published 12% (74/616) of its abstracts while WVU published 22% (265/1185) of its abstracts. We hope that this article will stimulate improvement in publication rates.