The Presidential Campaigns of Franklin D. Roosevelt in the Appalachian Counties of Ohio

The purpose of this paper will be to present a scholarly account of the 1932, 1936, 1940, and 1944 presidential campaigns of Franklin D. Roosevelt in the Appalachian counties of Ohio. While Roosevelt carried the Appalachian portion of Ohio in 1932, 1936, and 1940, he lost twenty-four of the twenty-eight counties in 1944. Special emphasis will be placed on the counties of Jefferson, Muskingun, Guernsey, Washington, Scioto, and Ross.so to be considered will be the contrast between the Appalachian counties and Ohio's major urban centers, the similarities of these counties with the nineteen contiguous counties of West Virginia and Kentucky, and the impacts of the presidential elections on the races for the House of Representatives in the four Ohio congressional districts within Appalachia.The paper will analyze the following: the correlation between FDR's political appeal in the Appalachian Counties of Ohio and in the nineteen contiguous Appalachian counties of West Virginia and Kentucky; the impact of FDR's 1932, 1936, and 1940 victories on Democratic House candidates in the Sixth, Fifteenth, and Eighteenth Congressional Districts; the substantial decline of FDR's proportion of the popular vote throughout the Appalachian Counties of Ohio in the presidential election of 1944.